# Projects:DTIProcessingTools

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# DTI Processing and Statistics Tools

• Differential Geometry We will provide methods for computing geodesics and distances between diffusion tensors. Several different metrics will be made available, including a simple linear metric and also a symmetric space (curved) metric. These routines are the building blocks for the routines below.
• Statistics Given a collection of diffusion tensors, compute the average and covariance statistics. This can be done using the metrics and geometry routines above. A general method for testing differences between groups is planned. The hypothesis test also depends on the underlying geometry used.
• Interpolation Interpolation routines will be implemented as a weighted averaging of diffusion tensors in the metric framework. The metric may be chosen so that the interpolation preserves desired properties of the tensors, e.g., orientation, size, etc.
• Filtering We will provide anisotropic filtering of DTI using the full tensor data (as opposed to component-wise filtering). Filtering will also be able to use the different metrics, allowing control over what properties of the tensors are preserved in the smoothing. We have also developed methods for filtering the original diffusion weighted images (DWIs) that takes the Rician distribution of MR noise into account (see MICCAI 2006 paper below). Coronal slice from a noisy DTI (left). The same slice after applying our Rician noise DTI filtering method (right).

# Description

• Developed a Slicer module for our DT-MRI Rician noise removal during the 2007 Project Half Week. Also enhanced the method by including an automatic method for determining the noise sigma in the image.
• Developed prototype of DTI geometry package. This includes an abstract class for computing distances and geodesics between tensors, while derived classes can specify the particular metric to use. Current implemented subclasses are the basic linear metric and the symmetric space metric.
• Developed prototype of DTI statistical package. A general class has been developed for computing averages and principal modes of variation of tensor data. The statistics class can use any of the metrics described above.
• We have begun work on a general method for hypothesis testing of differences in two diffusion tensor groups. This method works on the full six-dimensional tensor information, rather than derived measures. The hypothesis testing class can also use any of the different tensor metrics.

# Key Investigators

• Utah: Tom Fletcher, Ran Tao, Saurav Basu, Sylvain Gouttard, Ross Whitaker